THE PROGRAMMES CURRENTLY IMPLEMENTED
THROUGH DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE, KAILALI
Decenttralized Local Governance
Support Program (DLGSP)
Government of Nepal, with the technical assistance from UNDP, has
been implementing DLGSP in 60 districts of Nepal since 2003. The
Ministry of Local Development executes it with co-operation from
the National Planning Commission Secretariat. The primary areas
of focus are to promote sound governance-decentralization and to
strengthen of local governance. DLGSP is a follow up of Participatory
District Development Programme, which was initiated in Kailali since
1999. The programme has two components in the district:
- Capacity Building Component and
- Village Development Programme through Social Mobilization
DLGSP Prgramme supports to the District Development
Committee for the creation of more favorable environment for participatory
planning and monitoring and for the relaxation of the Local Self-governance
Act in the district and at VDC level, it urges people towards
self-reliance by encouraging them to group themselves into broad-based,
multi-purpose community organizations.
Village Development Programme through Social Mobilization (VDP)
has been one of the key components of the programme. The VDP uses
social mobilization as an entry point for the implementation of
development activities aimed to poverty reduction and sustainable
rural development in the rural areas. The VDP is being launched
in five VDCs: Nigali, Godawari, Pahalmanpur, Manuwa, and Thapapur
since 2000. The programmes Expended to other ten VDCs: Dhansinghpur,
Durgauli, Pratappur, Bauniya, Udashipur, Gadariya, Hasuliya, Ratanpur,
Chaumala and Pawera from this year 2006/07
- Strength the capacity of the District Development Committee
- Empower people to take increasingly greater control over their
own development and to enhance their capacities to mobilise and
channel the resources required for poverty alleviation
- Form and institutionalize COs as self-sustaining, self-governing
entities to facilitate local governance and participatory development.
Financing and Development Programme (DFDP)
The Decentralized Financing and Development programme is a pilot programme
of the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) for fiscal
decentralization and local governance in 8 "concentration districts"
in the first phase in 2001. The programme has been extended to 12
districts including Kailali in 2003 with financial support from DFID.
a. Long-term Development Objective: To reduce poverty through provision
of rural infrastructure and human resource development opportunities.
b. Immediate Objective: The local authorities of District Development
Committees and Village Development Committees ( DDCs and VDCs) and
grass root institutions Users committees or Community Organizations
(UCs or COs) in the district implement and maintain small scale rural
infrastructure and other public investments in an efficient, effective,
responsive and accountable manner
- Support the Government in enhancing local governance and decentralized
- Increase capacity of COs/UCs for the management and development
- Support for the decentralization process by providing resources
in districts to implement priority projects identified through
a participatory planning process.
- Develop the capacity of the DDCs to implement activities in
a transparent and accountable manner in order to meet local development
- Reduce poverty addressing gender aspects of the poverty situation
by creating awareness on gender equity/equality, and response
on Women and Disadvantaged Group (DAG)
Poverty in Nepal has been a big challenge. Most
of the poor live in rural and remote areas of the country and are
suffering from the lack of basic amenities of life. With the low
literacy rate, low expectancy of life and low per capita income,
the average human development index (HDI) of the people is very
low. To address these problems, the Government has carried out Rural
Development Program (RDP), a broad -based poverty alleviation programme,
and has been initiated in the tune of the poverty alleviation initiatives
addressed in the Ninth Plan.
RDP aims at reducing the present level of poverty
of the general people through different programmes related to the
employment and income generation, human resource development, social
empowerment and local self-governance. It mainly addresses problems
of the very ultra poor, which constitute about 17.1 percent of the
The programme is primarily working at the Village
Development Committee ( VDC) level to support marginal farmers,
landless laborers and socially deprived ethnic groups of all the
205 Parliamentary constituencies of the country. This programme
has been implemented in this district since 1997. BAP was first
started in four VDCs of Kailali: Malakheti, Basauti, Chuha and Narayanpur.
The programme was expanded to other three VDCs: Shajpur, Kherala
and Dododhara and Tikapur Municipality ward no-2 since 2003.
The specific objectives of the programme are as follows.
- Provide opportunities to the ultra poor families to from community
organization (s), promote self-reliance and self -help ness by
involving them in decision-making.
- Develop leadership and promote active civic society at the
- Create social capital by developing human resource and promoting
traditional institution at the grass root levels.
- Generate self-employment opportunity by promoting micro- enterprise,
appropriate technology and indigenous skill.
- Promote institutional mechanism for mobilization of savings
and credit at the grass-root levels, and avail opportunities for
access to institutional credits for income generation activities.
- Help ultra poor families to obtain non-formal education, health
care service, drinking water and housing facilities, agriculture
and livestock extension, skill on appropriate technology, and
access to the market.
at the local level (BBLL)
Swiss Government has been providing financial and technical support
to build suspended and suspension bridge since 1960. In the initial
period, HELVETAS and HMG / N were providing support to build bridge
in mule trail. Bridge Building at the Local Level (BBLL) programme
was started in the district in February 1989. The programme had been
lunched as a pilot project since 1989 to 1993 to provide support in
formulating policy to central government and mobilizing the user groups
to bridge construction. The programme has expanded in second phase
since 1994 to till today after the success of pilot project lunched
in first phase.
- To build suspension and suspended bridge in participation of
local authorities and local people.
- To provide technical knowledge to local people for the construction,
maintenance and protection of the bridge.
- To develop awareness and ownership of the bridge to the local
Improvement & Decentralization Project (RAIDP)
Nepal Goverment formulated Rural Ifrastructure Project for learning
and innovation loan(LIL) from Internnational Development Association
(IDA) with a view to strenghthen capability of local authorities,
particularly the DDCs, in developing and managing Rural Transport
Infrastructure (RTI). This project was implementation during 1999-2003
in eight districts: Kaski, Dhading, Syangja, Palpa, Rupandehi, Kapilbastu
and Sukhuwashabha. RIP focus was to strenthen the DDC capacity to
develop and manage RTIs. The district Development Committe (DDC) implemented
the sub-projectat the respective districts with support from the project
Coordinator Units (PCU) at Department of Local Intrastructure Development
and Agriculture Road (DoLIDAR) ub ciirdubatuib abd facilitatuion at
tge center and providing assistance
The evaluations and experience of successfully implementing RIP gave
rise to various positive learning. Building on the lesson of the RIP
implementation, The proposal Rural Access Improvement & Decentralization
Project(RAIDP) is under preparation for the twenty districts have
been selected for support the RTI of District. The program of first
year of the project consisting of road works on 24 roads in 13 districts.
There are 6 sub projects have been selected for RAIDP in Kailali District.
According to the priorityof District Transport Master Plan (DTMP),
the top prioritized sub project (Khutiya- Marinara-Dhangadhi
Road-10 KM) selected for the first year program for
implementing under Raidp financial cooperation and other 5 sub projects
are in queue for process implementing.
Aboutthis district, lack of preparation for DPR on
time in last year, could not appear for implementaion works for proposed
sub-project. The district has abandoned for the first year program
for proposed Rural Access Improvement & Decentralization
Project (RAIDP), even the district maintained and upgraded
the proposed sub project (Khutiya-Matiyari-Dhangadhi Road)
through the won matching fund source estimate for proposed RAIDP for
the first year program.
RAIDP is a follown on operation of the Rural Infrastructure project
(RIP) and aims to replicate scale-up and mainstream the good parcitces
and positive lessons learned from implementing the mentioned project.
The development objective of the proposed RAIDP is to provide beneficiary
communities with improved and sustainable transport access to economic
opportunities and social services. It is hoped that proposed project
- Reduce the proportion of people without all weather road access
in positive participatory district,
- Create rural employment oppurtunities, and
- Help DDCs pull together resoucrces for fural transport infrastructure
development and management
Fund Program (RFP)
- To help raise the income of the target groups
- To organize them into the community organization
- To empower people for their sustainable development
The programme was first started in four VDCs of Kailali: Beladevipur,
Darakh, Kotatulsipur and Patharaiya in the fiscal year 2055/56. As
the Poverty Alleviation Program of Western Tarai
the programme was expanded to other these VDCs: Shreepur, Urma, Khailad,
Sandhepani, Ramshikharjhala and Janakinagar in the fiscal year 2057/58.
Development Program (DSDP)
Dalit Social Development Program has been
launched by National Planning Commission Secretarial National Development
Voluntering Service for support to Dalit Women . They have been deprived
and separted from feel discriminated from members of higher castes.
Dalit Social Development Program is being launched in ten VDCs Dhansinghpur,
Geta, Malakheti, Sripur, Beladevipur, Munuwa, Pathraiya, Baliya, Narayanpur
and Durgauli since 2059/2060 B.S. in Kailali District including in
this programme in Kailali.
- Increase the Social status of Dalit Women via informal education.
- To Provide awareness in health sector (Ex. Family Planning,
Safe-Motherhood, Maternal Health).
- Provide the income generating programme and others programe
which is closely releated to Development through Social mobilization
in Dalit women.
- Help to Build a small infrastructure at Dalit Community (Drinking
water, Toilet and Building)
- Awareness building about health education and heatness